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Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid Strains: Learn Basic Facts

Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid Strains

To help you understand what Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid terms mean, here are basic facts about cannabis varieties.

The terms you’ve probably heard about cannabis strains is Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid. But perhaps what you heard about it is probably wrong. 

Most people believe that Indica, Sativa, and hybrids are used to explain the effects of certain strains. Sativa creates an uplifting brain height. Indica makes users more relaxed, soft, and sleepy, and hybrids produce both combinations.

The truth is, classifying a strain as an Indica, Sativa, or Hybrid isn’t really about the effect. It’s about the physical properties and structure of the plant, which is very useful information for producers but not so useful for consumers.

When it comes to cannabis cultivation, it’s a good idea to know the Indica / Sativa / Hybrid classification. But when it comes to choosing the right cannabis strain, it’s not that important.

Each of these three terms has its distinct connotations and meanings.

Indica Strains

An Indica is usually defined as a plant with strong and deep body effects, such as a sedating effect that causes less euphoria than a Sativa or a Hybrid. An Indica can also be described as having a deep body buzz that can make the user sleepy. 

Indica Indicas produce a relaxing, head-to-toe body experience and often with sedative effects. They’re also great for people who want to be able to fall asleep at night or who need a way to calm themselves down after a long day of work. Many of the most common names for Indica strains include Purple Haze, Northern Lights, Shiva, Blueberry, and even Headband.

Sativa Strains

On the other hand, Sativa tends to be perceived as having a more cerebral or energetic high. A Sativa produces euphoria, and it’s often perceived to have a more uplifting, upbeat, and creative effect. 

Sativa Sativas are more energetic and focused and usually produced a more cerebral high with uplifting effects. While some Indica leaves users mellow and relaxed, Sativa produces a more pleasant, active energy. Some of the common names for Sativa strains include Blue Dream, White Widow, Sensi Star, and even Skywalker.

Hybrid Strains

Finally, a hybrid is usually defined as a plant with Indica and a Sativa. A Sativa will often produce cerebral effects, while an Indica will often produce relaxing body effects. Hybrid plants, then, are usually in the middle.

Hybrid is a term that gets thrown around in casual conversations, but most people probably don’t know what it means.

A few terms are used interchangeably with cannabis strains to describe their effects. Some of these terms, such as “cannabis Indica,” have no scientific basis. Others, such as “Sativa-dominant” and “cannabis Sativa,” are accurate but must be used carefully to avoid confusion. Cannabis indica, for example, does not mean that it is a type of Indica plant.

As you’ll see, Indicas, Sativas, and Hybrids have distinct genetic makeups that produce different effects.

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